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14 August 2019

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14 August 2019

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12 August 2019

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12 August 2019

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09 August 2019

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News 2

28 February 2014, 10:30

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted the Resolution “On the address of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine to the guarantor-sates of the Memorandum on Security Assurances in connection with Ukraine's accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons”

( Information Department of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Secretariat )


According to the draft document,

In exchange of its nuclear disarmament (voluntary destruction of over 200 strategic nuclear warheads that Ukraine had inherited from the USSR, and accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons as a country that does not possess any nuclear weapons), in the Memorandum on Security Assurances in connection with Ukraine's accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (Budapest Memorandum) dd. 1994 Ukraine received its security assurances.

In the Budapest Memorandum, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America reaffirm their commitment to Ukraine, in accordance with the principles of the CSCE Final Act, to respect the Independence and Sovereignty and the existing borders of Ukraine.

Also guarantor-states reaffirm their obligation to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of Ukraine, and that none of their weapons will ever be used against Ukraine.

The Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America reaffirm their commitment to Ukraine to refrain from economic coercion designed to subordinate to their own interest the exercise by Ukraine of the rights inherent in its sovereignty and thus to secure advantages of any kind.

In the Budapest Memorandum, the guarantor-states also reaffirm their commitment to consult in the event a situation arises which raises a question concerning these commitments.

In connection with this, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine expresses concern with the latest developments in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, including the information about possible intervention that would become a direct violation of commitments of the Memorandum. 

After the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea refused to consider separatist manifestations on February 26, 2014, on February 27, 2014 armed terrorist group, acting under the guise of the Russian Federation, seized the buildings of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the Cabinet of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. On February 27, 2014 there were some attempts to seize the Simferopol airport and airport of Belbek near Sevastopol on the territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea by unknown armed fighters.

Apart from this, the Verkhovna Rada expresses concern about carrying out mass military manoeuvres and redeployment of troops in the border regions of Ukraine on the part of the Russian Federation these days.

Besides, recently there have been numerous instances of movement of military equipment of the Black See Fleet of the Russian Federation on the territory of Ukraine that were not agreed with the Ukrainian Party.

Thereat, there are all the grounds to qualify numerous actions on the part of the Russian Federation, particularly establishment of artificial barriers in the bilateral trade with Ukraine, as violation of clause 3 of the Memorandum, under which member states have committed themselves to refrain from economic coercion designed to subordinate to their own interest the exercise by Ukraine of the rights inherent in its sovereignty and thus to secure advantages of any kind.

In connection with such actions, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine:

1. Demands the Russian Federation to stop taking steps that feature encroachment on state sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine, including supporting of separatism in Ukraine in any form. On its part, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine stresses that all the civil rights of the citizens of Ukraine of Russian nationality, guaranteed by the Constitution of Ukraine and Ukraine’s international commitments, including language ones, are and will further be strictly and in full observed in Ukraine.  

2. Demands that all the guarantor-states, under the Budapest Memorandum, shall in practice confirm the commitments enshrined in the Memorandum, in accordance with the principles of the CSCE Final Act to respect the Independence and Sovereignty and the existing borders of Ukraine, reaffirm their obligation to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of Ukraine, and that none of their weapons will ever be used against Ukraine.

3. Calls on the Parties to sign the Memorandum and hold immediate consultations with Ukraine in order to alleviate tension and restore the atmosphere of mutual trust.

4. Demands that the guarantor-states, under the Budapest Memorandum, shall uphold conduction on the part of the United Nations Security Council of a monitoring of the situation in separate regions of Ukraine, particularly, in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea as such that might pose a threat to international peace and security. In case of its escalation, the Verkhovna Rada demands that guarantor-states should seek immediate actions on the part of UN Security Council in view of assisting Ukraine as a member state of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, including with consideration of previous consideration of this issue, following the results of which the statement of the President of the UN Security Council of July 20, 1993 was adopted. 

5. Invites special missions under the auspices of the OSCE and the Council of Europe to Ukraine to check whether the rights of Ukrainian citizens of all nationalities and denominations in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and other regions of Ukraine are being properly observed. 

6. Addresses the United Nations Security Council with a proposal to convene a meeting to consider the aforementioned problems in the context of the UN Security Council statement of July 20, 1993.   

The address was approved with consideration of proposals.

The respective bill was registered under No. 4306.